The Effects of Gymnastics on the Body (Benefits and Disadvantages of Gymnastics)

benefits and disadvantages of gymnastics

Gymnastics is a fun and challenging sport which helps to build excellent physical strength, muscles, balance, flexibility and coordination. It is a physically demanding exercise that requires precision, control, endurance and agility. It takes years of practice to develop the skills to become a great gymnast. The benefits and disadvantages of gymnastics are furnished here.

Gymnastics has its roots in Greece. The ancient game was practiced by men who participated in warfare. The current form of gymnastics was shaped in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries by two pioneering physical instructors from Germany, Johann Friedrich GutsMuths and Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. It is performed at national and international competitions and was first introduced in the Olympics in 1896. In our article, we will discuss the types of the game and the benefits and disadvantages of gymnastics.

Gymnastics is performed by both men and women. From children to adults, the participants belong to all age groups. There are several types of gymnastics identified and approved by FIG ( Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique) such as rhythmic gymnastics, artistic gymnastics, trampolining, tumbling, acrobatic gymnastics and aerobic gymnastics. It involves various events popularly known as the vault, still rings, uneven bars, balance beam, pommel horse, floor exercise, parallel bars, high bars and horizontal bars. The gymnasts perform acrobatic feats – leaps, turns, handstands, flips and more. The athletes also practice with colorful ribbons, balls and ropes synchronizing with background music to mesmerize the spectators. Now we will learn more about the pros and cons of gymnastics.

Improved Flexibility: One must notices how easily the gymnasts stretch their limbs and bend almost every part of their bodies. Regular practice increases flexibility in the gymnasts. That is why they can perform difficult moves and postures. Going further, people who want to do yoga or ballet, gymnastics can be really beneficial for them. It also improves balance, reducing the risk of injury.

Overall Strength: We tend to lose bone mass with growing age, as a result we suffer from various issues when walking, sitting or getting up. Gymnastics makes the bones and muscles stronger than a non-gymnast. Rigorous practice increases overall body strength.

Balanced Diet: Every person requires essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrate, protein and fat to regulate bodily functions. Unless you are health conscious, you tend to eat junk food which is not at all healthy. In fact, overeating is also a matter of concern. Gymnasts make it a habit of eating healthy food. They follow a balanced diet to ensure a continuous supply of the nutrients to remain energetic all day.

Healthy Lifestyle: Healthy lifestyle helps us maintain a good physique and prevent harmful diseases. If you start gymnastics, you will be bound follow a strict routine and stay away from what’s not healthy, such as smoking, excessive drinking, irregular eating and skipping food. This will reduce stress and prevent serious health problems in future.

Why is Gymnastics the Best Sport

There are multiple reasons why gymnastics is considered to be the best sport. These are:

Leadership Skills: Not every person has the same level of capability. Identifying the strength and weaknesses of each member and chalking out a plan to work together for success are the qualities of a leader. Like any other sports with multiple team players, gymnastics also develop strong leadership skills among the athletes. Leadership skill is important to build a strong and an impressive personality.

Coordination: Every gymnast present in a team work towards a goal. Goal orientation increases coordination among the team players because it is related to problem-solving skills. Outside the game, a gymnast applies his/her wits to tackle day-to-day problems in a professional manner. They can easily get rid of a tricky situation without being startled.

Discipline: Every sportsman adheres to a strict routine and maintains his schedule without fail. The gymnasts follow discipline and maintain their regular to-dos without a miss.

Patience & Persistence: To achieve what’s required to become a successful gymnast one must possess patience. He should also improve upon his skills and work towards attaining perfect moves with rigorous practice. These qualities develop naturally when a gymnast starts practicing under the guidance of a coach.

Why Is Gymnastics Good For You

The effects of gymnastics on the body can be seen from the increased flexibility and strength. It is not easy to be gymnasts because it demands a lot of commitment. On the other hand, it helps one to learn true commitment at an early stage which helps all his life and it increases confidence level.

Social skills: Learning gymnastics helps to develop social skills. Whereas the kids learn to work in a team and adhere to the coach, the adults equally learn to respect each other and become role models.

Workout: Gymnastics ensures regular exercising to maintain a healthy and fit body. Physical activities reduce the risk of heart disease, obesity and weakness of bones. According to the American Heart Association when you participate in gymnastics you meet the regular exercise recommendations, i.e. 60 minutes workout for the children and 30 minutes for adults for at least 5 days a week.

Self-Confidence: The researchers have identified that taking part in gymnastics helps to gain self-confidence and self-esteem. As a result, they do not feel low and remain ready to deal with any situation.

Improved Immune System: Gymnastics requires movements of every part of the body, which increases blood flow, supplies oxygen and nutrients and builds immunity to fight diseases. It reduces the risk of diabetes, asthma and other health problems.

Is Gymnastics Good for Kids

In most cases the participants engage in gymnastics at a tender age. The young gymnasts are benefited incredibly when they start practicing on a regular basis. For the ease of regular practice, parents may buy gymnastic equipments such as gymnastic bar or gymnastic beam and place it at home for their kids.

Prevention of Bone Diseases: The kids who get into gymnastics at a very young age develop a strong foundation. They can easily stay out of the risk of osteoporosis.

Quick Response: Improved cognitive ability helps anyone to come up with a quick resolution of any given situation.

Improved Cognitive Ability: The children learn how to set goals and focus on it, gain concentration and think out of the box. Therefore, they train on problem-solving skills.

A Sense of Fulfillments: Achievements easily fill the heart of a kid with joy. Rewards and recognition instantly brighten the mood of the young gymnasts and encourage them to go for more.

Why Is Gymnastics So Hard

Disadvantages of gymnastics compared with the advantages are less. A difficulty to learn the moves is one of them. Constant stretching of muscles for hours is not an easy task. Daily practice drains energy. The strenuous movements often cease or delay muscle growth. The risk of injury of the feet, ankle and knees are common among the gymnasts; accidents may happen due to poor concentration and imbalance. Slight scratches on the skin or rip may occur when practicing on asymmetric bars.


Gymnastics helps us improve our health considerably. On top of this, we also learn to follow a healthy lifestyle. We hope that you find our article on the benefits and disadvantages of gymnastics informative.

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